Conditions and Treatment
Getting Accurate Information on Conditions and Treatment
Health news and information is available everywhere --- from magazines to newspapers, and from the Internet to TV. Some of the health information is accurate, but some is downright misleading. If you are health-conscious and want authoritative, credible information on common medical conditions and treatment, our website is a source you can trust. We cover the most common medical conditions, both chronic and acute.
Acute versus Chronic
Acute illnesses will eventually resolve with little or no medical treatment. Examples of acute conditions include colds, coughs, teething, and viral gastroenteritis. Chronic illnesses, however, are more serious, requiring extensive medical supervision. Examples of these include cancer, chronic kidney disease, and diabetes. Chronic patient require frequent hospitalization, prescription medications, and continuous health care services.
When considering pain, acute pain comes on suddenly, usually the result of an injury or other problem, such as a low back strain or headache. Chronic pain, on the other hand, is a slow progressing process, with pain developing gradually. Acute pain goes away after a short time, but chronic pain is often lifelong.
Chronic Disease Facts
- Heart disease, stroke, and cancer account for approximately 50 percent of deaths each year.
- Almost half of adults have a chronic illness.
- Arthritis is the most common cause of disability affecting nearly 19 million Americans.
- Obesity is a major health concern, affecting around 33 percent of adults and 20 percent of youth.
Causes of Chronic Disease
The four modifiable health risk behaviors include poor nutrition, lack of physical activity, tobacco use, and excessive alcohol consumption. These factors contribute to suffering, illness, and early death from chronic diseases. More than 33 percent of adults do not participate in regular physical activity, and less than 25 percent get the recommended dietary servings of fruits and vegetables. Additionally excessive alcohol consumption contributes to numerous injuries and diseases, and binge drinking is reported by as many as 15 percent of U.S. adults.
Aging in America
Americans are living longer than in past decades. The live expectancies for persons over the age of 65 years have increased. People who live to be 65 years old can expect to live for an average of 19 more years, which is 5 years longer than in 1960. The older population comprises approximately 39 million, representing 13 percent of the U.S. population. The leading cause of death for people over the age of 65 years is heart disease, but death rates for both stroke and heart attack have declined by more than 50 percent over the last two decades.
A child's health includes social, mental, and physical wellness. Most parents know the basics regarding child health, such as offering healthy foods, encouraging exercise, and keeping them safe. It is also important for children to get regular checkups from the healthcare provider. Visits are done to assure a child's growth and development and to catch or prevent problems. School-age children need to be seen for significant weight loss or gain, a fever greater than 102, sleep problems, changes in behavior, frequent sore throats, breathing problems, and rashes.
Pediatrics focuses on the children from conception to adolescence. Child health emerged in the early 20th century as a medical specialty because of the growing awareness that health issues of children were very different from those of adults. A child's response to illness, the environment, and treatment also depends on the age of the child. The broader definition of child health acknowledges the influences of behavioral, social, biological, and physical environments on health trajectories. To address the expanded approach to child health, pediatrics merges public health and population-based approaches with traditional clinical care.
Common Health Conditions
- Alzheimer's Disease
- Back Pain
- Cold and Flu
- Chron's Disease
- Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
- Chronic Kidney Disease
- Erectile Dysfunction
- Heart Disease
- Irritable Bowel Disease
- Migraine Headache
- PMS and PMDD
- Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Restless Leg Syndrome
- Skin Cancer
- Sleep Apnea
- Thyroid Disease
- Yeast Infection